Study No. 7


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No business can survive for long without responding to a changing market-place. Marketing enables an organisation to:. This case study focuses on the most recent relaunch of the Boots No 7 brand in The No 7 brand was launched in as Boots own cosmetic brand, at a time when women everywhere were striving to copy glamorous, famous women like Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich and Lady Astor. The era created a tremendous demand for an increasing variety of cosmetic products, resulting in a thriving and competitive beauty market.

The original range included just 7 products, designed to provide the basic necessities in make-up and skincare. Since , No 7 has been re-launched on a number of occasions to reflect the changing nature of the market for cosmetics. For example, cosmetics became more sophisticated towards the later fifties with varying degrees of lustre added to nail, lip, eye and cheek preparations.

During the 60s heavy black eye make-up and pale lipsticks were made fashionable by singers such as Dusty Springfield. By the 70s there was a greater awareness of eating for health and more emphasis was placed upon skincare than on decorative cosmetic application. During the 80s cosmetics expanded to meet every taste so that cosmetics reached an all time high in terms of sophistication.

The following regulation, originally adopted in by the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children, is amended in and declared to be in effect, as amended, on and after July 2, Permission to place a child given pursuant to Article III d of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children shall be valid and sufficient to authorize the making of the placement identified in the written document ICPCA, by which the permission is given for a period of six 6 months commencing on the date when the receiving state compact administrator or his duly authorized representative signs the aforesaid ICPCA.

If the placement authorized to be made as described in Paragraph 1. Upon such reapplication, the receiving state may require the updating of documents submitted on the previous application, but shall not require a new home study unless the laws of the receiving state provide that the previously submitted home study is too old to be currently valid. If a foster care license, institutional license or other license, permit or certificate held by the proposed placement recipient is still valid and in force, or if the proposed placement recipient continues to hold an appropriate license, permit or certificate, the receiving state shall not require that a new license, permit or certificate be obtained in order to qualify the proposed placement recipient to receive the child in placement.

Upon a reapplication by the sending agency, the receiving state shall determine whether the needs or condition of the child have changed since it initially authorized the placement to be made.

What you’ll get once you complete a qualification

The receiving state may deny the placement if it finds that the proposed placement is contrary to the interests of the child. This regulation was readopted pursuant to Article VII of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children by action of the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children at its annual meeting of April ; it is amended pursuant to Article VII of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children by action of the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children at its annual meeting of April 29 through May 2, , was approved May 2, , and is effective in such amended form as of July 2, Expedited Placement Decision.

Words and phrases used in this regulation shall have the same meanings as those ascribed to them in the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children ICPC. A word or phrase not appearing in ICPC shall have the meaning ascribed to it by special definition in this regulation or, where not so defined, the meaning properly ascribed to it in common usage. This regulation shall hereafter be denoted as Regulation No. An expedited denial would underscore the urgency for the sending state to explore alternative placement resources. This regulation shall not apply if:.

In the event the intended placement [must be parent, stepparent, grandparent, adult aunt or uncle, adult brother or sister, or guardian as per Article VIII a ] is already licensed or approved in the receiving state at the time of the request, such licensing or approval would not preclude application of this regulation.

Criteria required before Regulation No. Provisional approval or denial:. Upon receipt of the documentation set forth in Section 7 below, the receiving state shall expedite provisional determination of the appropriateness of the proposed placement resource by:. A provisional approval or denial shall be communicated to the sending state Compact Administrator by the receiving state Compact Administrator in writing.

This communication shall not include the signed Form A until the final decision is made pursuant to Section 9 below. If such concurrence is not given, the sending agency shall retain jurisdiction over the child as otherwise provided under Article V of the ICPC. Sending agency steps before sending court enters Regulation No. Such statement shall include the following regarding the potential placement resource:. Sending state court orders: The sending state court shall enter an order consistent with the Form Order for Expedited Placement Decision adopted with this modification of Regulation No.

The order shall set forth the factual basis for a finding that Regulation No. The order must also require completion by the sending agency of ICPC Form for the expedited request. Time frames and methods for processing of ICPC expedited placement decision:. Any state Compact Administrator may waive any requirement for the form of transmission of original documents in the event he or she is confident in the authenticity of the forms and documents provided.

The order shall include the name, mailing address, e-mail address, telephone number and FAX number of the clerk of court or a designated court administrator of the sending state court exercising jurisdiction over the child. The request shall include a copy of the Order of Compliance rendered in the sending state.

Recourse if sending or receiving state determines documentation is insufficient:. Until receipt of the requested information from the sending state Compact Administrator, the receiving state is not required to continue with the assessment process. If a provisional placement is being pursued, the provisional placement evaluation process shall continue while the requested information is located and provided. Such information shall also be transmitted to the sending agency by the sending state Compact Administrator for it to consider other possible alternatives available to it.

If there appears to be a lack of compliance, the sending state court that sought the provisional placement and expedited placement decision may so inform an appropriate court in the receiving state, provide that court with copies of relevant documentation and court orders entered in the case, and request assistance. Within its jurisdiction and authority, the requested court may render such assistance, including the holding of hearings, taking of evidence, and the making of appropriate orders, for the purpose of obtaining compliance with this regulation and the ICPC.

Removal of a child: Following any approval and placement of the child, if the receiving state Compact Administrator determines that the placement no longer meets the individual needs of the child, including the child's safety, permanency, health, well-being, and mental, emotional, and physical development, then the receiving state Compact Administrator may request the sending state Compact Administrator arrange for the immediate return of the child or make alternative placement as provided in Article V a of the ICPC.

The receiving state request for removal may be withdrawn if the sending state arranges services to resolve the reason for the requested removal and the receiving and sending state Compact Administrators mutually agree to the plan. If no agreement is reached, the sending state shall expedite return of the child to the sending state within five 5 business days unless otherwise agreed in writing between the sending and receiving state Compact Administrators. This regulation as first effective October 1, , and readopted pursuant to Article VII of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children by action of the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children at its annual meeting of April , is amended pursuant to Article VII of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children by action of the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children at its annual meeting of May 1, ; the regulation, as amended was approved on May 1, and is effective as of October 1, Change of Placement Purpose.

An ICPCB should be prepared and sent in accordance with its accompanying instructions whenever there is a change of purpose in an existing placement, e. However, when a receiving state or a sending state requests a new ICPCA in such a case, it should be provided by the sending agency and transmitted in accordance with usual procedures for processing of ICPCAs.

Definition of a Visit. Visits and placements are distinguished on the basis of purpose, duration, and the intention of the person or agency with responsibility for planning for the child as to the child's place of abode. The purpose of a visit is to provide the child with a social or cultural experience of short duration, such as a stay in a camp or with a friend or relative who has not assumed legal responsibility for providing child care services. It is understood that a visit for twenty-four 24 hours or longer will necessarily involve the provision of some services in the nature of child care by the person or persons with whom the child is staying.

The provision of these services will not, of itself, alter the character of the stay as a visit. If the child's stay is intended to be for no longer than thirty 30 days and if the purpose is as described in Paragraph 2, it will be presumed that the circumstances constitute a visit rather than a placement. A stay or proposed stay of longer than thirty 30 days is a placement or proposed placement, except that a stay of longer duration may be considered a visit if it begins and ends within the period of a child's vacation from school as ascertained from the academic calendar of the school.

A visit may not be extended or renewed in a manner which causes or will cause it to exceed thirty 30 days or the school vacation period, as the case may be. If a stay does not from the outset have an express terminal date, or if its duration is not clear from the circumstances, it shall be considered a placement or proposed placement and not a visit. A request for a home study or supervision made by the person or agency which sends or proposes to send a child on a visit and that is pending at the time that the visit is proposed will establish a rebuttable presumption that the intent of the stay or proposed stay is not a visit.

A visit as defined in this regulation is not subject to the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children. This regulation was first adopted as a resolution effective April 26, ; was promulgated as a regulation as of April ; and is amended by the Compact Administrators, acting jointly and pursuant to Article VII of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children, at their annual meeting of April , with such amendments effective after June 27, Guardian Defined.

An appointment is permanent for the purposes of this paragraph if the appointment would allow the guardianship to endure until the child's age of majority without any court review, subsequent to the appointment, of the care that the guardian provides or the status of other permanency planning which the guardian has a professional obligation to carry out. Guardian also means an individual who is a non-agency guardian as defined in subparagraph b hereof.

Prospective Adoptive Parents Not Guardians. An individual with whom a child is placed as a preliminary to a possible adoption cannot be considered a non-agency guardian of the child, for the purpose of determining applicability of ICPC to the placement, unless the individual would qualify as a lawful recipient of a placement of the child without having to comply with ICPC as provided in Article VIII a thereof.

Permanency Status of Guardianship. In the case of a child who is already placed in a receiving state in compliance with ICPC, appointment of the placement recipient as guardian by the sending state court is grounds to terminate the applicability of the ICPC when the sending and receiving state compact administrators concur on the termination pursuant to Article V a.

In such an instance, the court which appointed the guardian may continue its jurisdiction if it is maintainable under another applicable law. Upon concurrence of the sending and receiving states, the sending agency and an appropriate court of the sending state shall close the ICPC aspects of the case and the jurisdiction of the sending agency pursuant to Article V a of ICPC shall be dismissed. Guardian Appointed by Parent. If the statutes of a jurisdiction so provide, a parent who is chronically ill or near death may appoint a guardian for his or her children, which guardianship shall take effect on the death or mental incapacitation of the parent.

A nonagency guardian so appointed shall be deemed a nonagency guardian as that term is used in Article VIII a of ICPC, provided that such nonagency guardian has all of the powers and responsibilities that a parent would have by virtue of an unrestricted parent-child relationship. A placement with a nonagency guardian as described in this paragraph shall be effective for the purposes of ICPC without court appointment or confirmation unless the statute pursuant to which it is made otherwise provides and if there is compliance with procedures required by the statute.

However, the parent must be physically present in the jurisdiction having the statute at the time that he or she makes the appointment or expressly submits to the jurisdiction of the appointing court. Other Definitions of Guardianship Unaffected. The definitions of "guardian" and "nonagency guardian" contained in this regulation shall not be construed to affect the meaning or applicability of any other definitions of "guardian" or "nonagency guardian" when employed for purposes or to circumstances not having a bearing on placements proposed to be made or made pursuant to ICPC.

This regulation was first promulgated in April ; it is amended by the Compact Administrators, acting jointly and pursuant to Article VII of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children, at their annual meeting of April , with such amendments effective after June 27, Responsibility of States to Supervise Children. The following regulation was adopted by the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children on April 18, and is declared to be in effect on and after October 1, Words and phrases used in this regulation have the same meanings as those ascribed to them in the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children ICPC.

A word or phrase not defined in the ICPC shall have the same meaning ascribed to it in common usage. Supervision can and should begin prior to receipt of the form B if the receiving state has been informed by other means that the child has been placed pursuant to an approved placement under Article III d of the ICPC. The purpose of face-to-face visits is to help ensure the on-going safety and well being of the child and to gather relevant information to include in written reports back to the Public Child Placing Agency in the sending state.

Completed reports shall be sent to the central compact office in the sending state from the central compact office in the receiving state. At a minimum such reports shall include the following:.

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The receiving state shall promptly notify the sending state if a child is moved to another home or other substitute care facility. Notification of the central compact office in the sending state will occur as soon as possible after such a report is received. Before requiring the return of the child to the sending state, the receiving state shall take into consideration the negative impact on the child that may result from being removed from his or her home in the receiving state and shall weigh the potential for such negative impact against the potential benefits to the child of being returned to the sending state.

Notwithstanding the requirement to consider the potential for such negative impact, the receiving state has sole discretion in determining whether or not to require return of a child to the sending state. The following regulation, as adopted by the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children, is declared to be in effect on and after October 1, This relationship can only be termed "adoption" after the legal process for adoption finalization is complete.

The adoption home study is the assessment and evaluation of a potential adoptive parent. The ICPC process exists to ensure protection and services to children and families involved in executing adoptions across state lines and to ensure that the placement is in compliance with all applicable requirements. It is further the intent of Regulation No. Application of Regulation No. Conditions for placement as stated in ICPC Article III: Prior to sending, bringing, or causing any child to be sent or brought into a receiving state for placement in foster care or as a preliminary to a possible adoption, the sending agency shall furnish the appropriate public authorities in the receiving state written notice of the intention to send, bring, or place the child in the receiving state.

The notice shall contain:. Compliance with this requirement may be met by submission of the documentation required under Section 6 below. Legal and financial responsibility during placement: For placement of a child by a private agency for independent adoption, the private agency shall be:.

If a parent is permitted and elects to follow the laws of a state other than his or her state of residence, then he or she should specifically waive, in writing, the laws of his or her state of residence and acknowledge that he or she has a right to sign a consent under the law of his or her state of residence. The packet shall contain a statement detailing how the rights of all parents shall be legally addressed;.

If an infant, at a minimum, a copy of the medical records of the birth and hospital discharge summary for the child, if the child has been discharged;. If the receiving state placement resource was previously licensed, certified, or approved as a foster or adoptive parent in the sending state and such license, certificate, or approval was involuntarily revoked, a statement of when such revocation occurred and the reasons for such revocation;.

If the child was previously adopted, the adoptive parents shall provide the information set forth in this section for the biological parents, if available;. Authorization to travel: Additional documents may be requested. III d. Travel by the prospective adoptive parents into the receiving state with the child shall not occur until the required content of the request packet for approval has been submitted, received and reviewed by the sending and receiving ICPC offices and approval to travel has been given, provided, however, a receiving state may, at its sole discretion, approve travel while awaiting provision of additional documentation requested.

A signed Form A must be provided by the receiving state if the writing was in any other form. In any event, approval or denial must be given within three 3 business days of the receipt of the completed packet by the receiving state Compact Administrator. Upon placement of a child by the sending agency following approval by the receiving state Compact Administrator, the sending agency shall, within five 5 business days of placement of the child, submit a completed B form confirming placement to the sending state Compact Administrator.

Upon finalization of the adoption, if the sending agency is a private adoption agency, the private adoption agency shall provide to the sending state Compact Administrator a copy of the final judgment of adoption together with a B form for closure, which shall then be sent to the receiving state Compact Administrator within thirty 30 business days of entry of judgment. Upon finalization of an independent adoption, the sending agency or entity shall provide a copy of the final judgment of adoption together with a B form for closure within thirty 30 business days of entry of judgment to the sending state Compact Administrator who shall then send it to the receiving state Compact Administrator.

Notification if child placed in violation of Article III: A child placed into the receiving state prior to a decision for placement constitutes a violation of Article III and the laws respecting the placement of children of both states; subject to liability cited in Article IV. Penalty for Illegal Placement. All parties to the placement arrangements, including prospective resource parents, the sending agency, private licensed child-placing agency or legal counsel are responsible for notifying the appropriate ICPC authorities in both states of the circumstances and to coordinate action to provide for the safety and well-being of the child pending further action.

If a child has been placed in the receiving state in violation of Article III, a Form B indicating the date the child was placed in the prospective adoptive home, together with items listed in Section 6 above, shall then be filed with the sending state Compact Administrator who shall forward them to the receiving state's Compact Administrator. If all required documents are provided, the sending state and the receiving state shall give due and appropriate consideration to placement as permitted under the sending and receiving state laws.

This regulation is adopted pursuant to Article VII of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children by action of the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children at its annual meeting May 4 through 7, ; such adoption was approved on May 6, and is effective as of October 1, ICPC Regulations. Forms 1. A form B if the child is already present in the receiving state A copy of the court order pursuant to which the sending agency has authority to place the child or, if authority does not derive from a court order, a statement of the basis on which the sending agency has authority to place the child and documentation that supervision is on-going.

A case history for the child, including custodial and social history, chronology of court involvement, social dynamics and a description of any special needs of the child. A copy of the most recent home study of the placement resource s and any updates thereof. Copies of the progress reports on the family unit for the last six months and the most recent judicial review court report and court order completed in the sending state. Request reconsideration without a new home study: The sending ICPC office can request that the receiving state ICPC office reconsider the denial of placement of the child with the placement resource.

If the receiving state ICPC office chooses to overturn the denial it can be based on review of the evidence presented by the sending ICPC office and any other new information deemed appropriate. A new A giving an approval without a new home study will be signed. Request new home study re-examining reasons for original denial: A sending ICPC office may send a new ICPC home study request if the reason for denial has been corrected; i.

The receiving state ICPC office is not obligated to activate the new home study request, but it may agree to proceed with a new home study to reconsider the denial decision if it believes the reasons for denial have been corrected. This regulation shall not conflict with any appeal process otherwise available in the receiving state. Some states call this an order of "protective supervision" or "show cause. If the receiving state determines the placement to be contrary to the interests of the child, the sending court must order removal of the child and their return to the sending state or utilize an alternative approved placement resource in the receiving state.

Adoption: the method provided by state law that establishes the legal relationship of parent and child between persons who are not so related by birth or some other legal determination, with the same mutual rights and obligations that exist between children and their birth parents. This relationship can only be termed adoption after the legal process is complete see categories or types of ICPC adoptions below. Adoption home study: definition listed under "home studies" Adjudicated delinquent: a person found to have committed an offense that, if committed by an adult, would be a criminal offense.

Adjudicated status offender: a person found to have committed an offense that would not be a criminal offense if committed by an adult. Age of majority: the legally defined age at which a person is considered an adult with all the attendant rights and responsibilities of adulthood. The age of majority is defined by state laws, which vary by state and is used in Article V, "…reaches majority, becomes self-supporting or is discharged with the concurrence of the appropriate authority in the receiving state" see definition below of "child" as it appears in Article II.

Approved placement: the receiving state Compact Administrator has determined that "the proposed placement does not appear to be contrary to the interests of the child.

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Case history: an organized record concerning an individual, their family and environment that includes social, medical, psychological and educational history and any other additional information that may be useful in determining appropriate placement. Case plan: see "service plan" definition Central Compact office: the office that receives ICPC placement referrals from sending states and sends ICPC placement referrals to receiving states.

In states that have one central Compact office that services the entire state, the term "central Compact office" has the same meaning as "central state Compact office" as described in Regulation No. In states in which ICPC placement referrals are sent directly to receiving states and received directly from sending states by more than one county or other regional area within the state, the "central Compact office" is the office within each separate county or other region that sends and receives ICPC placement referrals.

Certification: to attest, declare or swear to before a judge or notary public. Child: a person, who by reason of minority, is legally subject to parental guardianship or similar control. Child welfare caseworker: a person assigned to manage the cases of dependency children who are in the custody of a public child welfare agency and may include private contract providers of the responsible state agency.

Concurrence to discharge: is when the receiving ICPC office gives the sending agency written permission to terminate supervision and relinquish jurisdiction of its case pursuant to Article V leaving the custody, supervision and care of the child with the placement resource. Courtesy: consent or agreement between states to provide a service that is not required by ICPC.

Courtesy check: Process that does not involve the ICPC, used by a sending court to check the home of a parent from whom the child was not removed.

Etude, Op. 60, No. 7 (Matteo Carcassi)

Custody: see physical custody, see legal custody Emancipation: the point at which a minor becomes self-supporting, assumes adult responsibility for his or her welfare, and is no longer under the care of his or her parents or child placing agency, by operation of law or court order. Emergency placement: a temporary placement of 30 days or less in duration. Family free: as used in Article II d of the ICPC means the home of a relative or unrelated individual whether or not the placement recipient receives compensation for care or maintenance of the child, foster care payments, or any other payments or reimbursements on account of the child's being in the home of the placement recipient has same meaning as boarding home.

Family unit: a group of individuals living in one household. Foster care: If hour-a-day care is provided by the child's parent s by reason of a court-ordered placement and not by virtue of the parent-child relationship , the care is foster care. In addition to the federal definition 45 C.

This includes, but is not limited to, placements in foster family homes, foster homes of relatives, group homes, emergency shelters, residential facilities, child care institutions and pre-adoptive homes. A child is in foster care in accordance with this definition regardless of whether the foster care facility is licensed and payments are made by the state or local agency for the care of the child, whether adoption subsidy payments are being made prior to the finalization of an adoption, or whether there is federal matching of any payments that are made.

Foster home study: see definition under home studies Foster parent: a person, including a relative or non-relative, licensed to provide a home for orphaned, abused, neglected, delinquent or disabled children, usually with the approval of the government or a social service agency. An appointment is permanent for the purposes of this paragraph if the appointment would allow the guardianship to endure until the child's age of majority without any court review, subsequent to the appointment, of the care that the guardian provides or the status of other permanency planning that the guardian has a professional obligation to carry out.

Home Study see Safe and Timely Interstate Placement of Foster Children Act of : an evaluation of a home environment conducted in accordance with applicable requirements of the state in which the home is located, to determine whether a proposed placement of a child would meet the individual needs of the child, including the child's safety, permanency, health, well-being, and mental, emotional and physical development.

ICPC: The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children is a Compact between states and parties pursuant to law, to ensure protection and services to children who are placed across state lines. Independent adoption entity: any individual authorized in the sending state to place children for adoption other than a state, county or licensed private agency.

This could include courts, private attorneys and birth parents. Intrastate: existing or occurring within a state. Interstate: involving, connecting or existing between two or more states.

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Interstate home study: see definition under Home studies Jurisdiction: the established authority of a court to determine all matters in relation to the custody, supervision, care and disposition of a child. Legal custody: court-ordered or statutory right and responsibility to care for a child either temporarily or permanently. Legal guardianship see 45 C. The term legal guardian means the caretaker in such a relationship.

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